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The collection of monetary damages associated with wildfires on public lands has historically focused on recovery of suppression and response costs, the value of lost infrastructure, primary restoration (e.g., replanting of vegetation, stabilization of hillsides, etc.) and, in some cases, the value of lost timber. More recently, however, the federal government has also sought recovery of damages for loss of habitat and other ecological services. IEc has helped the government settle several such cases by applying its expertise in equivalency analysis, a technique based on the concept that a responsible party can compensate the public for lost ecological services through the provision of additional resources of similar type and quantity in the future.